Backing is the final layer of parquet floorboards and is made of rotary-cut wood. It brings balance to the board.
The baseboard covers the gap between the wall and the floorboard.
Borders for parquets
Borders allow you to customize your parquet flooring. A border can be added to your wood floor in the same way as you may add a border to wallpaper. The team at Emois & Bois has a number of border patterns to offer.
An ideal finish for those who prefer the look of raw wood. This process consists of removing all or a part of the tender part of the wood, adding resistance to the parquet.
The CE marking (European Conformity) is a regulatory label used to prove that a product meets certain standards and giving it the right to move freely throughout the European Union. To obtain this marking, a manufacturer must carry out tests and trials, or have them carried out, in order to ensure the product’s conformity to the requirements of the concerned directives.
In the parquet industry, the center distance refers to the distance separating two joists.
Chamfer or Barley Grain
A small bevel either on all 4 edges of a floorboard, or only on the long edges. This creates a small “V” between boards, making it possible to fix any production errors and avoid any difference in height. Thus, your wood floor will not require any additional sanding!
Chamfered parquet (see def. Chamfer)
Chevron parquet flooring (“Pointe d’Hongrie”)
Chevron parquet flooring, similar to “herringbone”, is installed using identically sized boards on an angle ranging from 30 to 60°.
Cork is an excellent material for sound insulation. Depending on its thickness and type, cork can absorb different frequencies: 30 mm Cork = 30 dB average reduction – 15 mm Cork = 4 db average reduction.
The term Deck refers to wooden floorboards used on a terrace.
Dimensions of boards
The dimensions of floorboards can vary in width, and several thicknesses are possible.
Duckboards are square or rectangular platforms made of wooden boards assembled in a balloon-frame manner. Several of these tiles can be combined to fit the chosen space. Emois & Bois manufactures wooden floor surfaces for your terraces, pool decks, verandas…
The edges are the 4 sides of a floorboard.
Engineered parquet is composed of 2 or 3 layers. The first layer is made of fine wood, and the other two of wood derivatives.
Providing French or European wood is essential to Emois & Bois. Forest management is closely monitored in Europe, and by sourcing our supplies from these forests, we take part in an approach for sustainable development and the preservation of natural resources. A few examples of wood varieties that are grown in Europe are: Curly Birch, European White Birch, Cedar, Hornbeam, Chestnut, Beech, Cypress, Spruce, Sycamore Maple, Ash, Grey Poplar, Beech, Holly, Yew, Burr Oak, White Burr Ash, Olive Burr Ash, Burr Poplar, Horse Chestnut, Larch, Cherry wood, Walnut, Olive, Elm, Oregon Pine, Laricio Pine, Maritime Pine, Weymouth Pine, Plane, Pear, Apple, Fir, Basswood, Tulip.
Exotic woods are popular for their warm hue. Padouk wood: red-brown; teak, rosewood, wengè are of similar appearance and share a dark brown coloration. These woods are very much in demand for bathroom use, often combined with ship-deck seams. Ebony, a black wood, is also worth mentioning although it is very rare and regulated. There is also bamboo, which has a light caramel color. For exterior use (terrace or pool deck), the team at Emois & Bois recommends using Yew, Jatoba, Doussie or Eucalyptus.
A facing panel, as opposed to a backing panel, is the surface of a wood floor. Facing is the part on which we walk, also known as the “wear layer”.
Similarly to a false ceiling, a false floor is a floor installed on top of the main floor, covering all or a part of it, either to reduce the height of the room, make an esthetic or acoustic improvement, or run cables.
The fern parquet pattern is a cross between chevron and ladder installations: boards are laid in Vs and lined with long straight boards.
Characteristic of a flat surface. This characteristic is essential for the substrate on which a parquet floor is to be installed.
Floating installation consists of assembling floorboards by fastening or clipping them together. As so, they are connected as a block but are not fastened to the ground as they are not attached to it.
The floor is a part of a building’s structure. It is the surface on which a floor covering will be applied… such as a parquet!
The term FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) does not apply directly to the parquet itself but rather to the wood used to make it. This certification is used as a guarantee that wood was sourced from a responsibly managed forest.
Ginning refers to the intermediate sanding of a wood floor. Ginning allows for better adherence between two coats of varnish.
Parquet having received a “glued installation”. Floorboards are secured to the ground with glue. All boards are independent of each other.
Grades of wood
Certain wood types have a higher resistance to mold and/or insect attacks, and this quality is called the “natural durability” of the wood. There are 5 grades of durability: – grade 1 very durable: interior use, humidity under 70% – grade 2 durable: aboveground with risk of temporary humidity – grade 3 moderate durability: exposed to weather influences, but aboveground – grade 4 low durability: permanent contact with the ground or fresh water – grade 5 not durable: permanent contact with the ground or fresh water.
A groove is a long narrow slot along the entire length of a floorboard. The tongue of another board is inserted into the groove to fit the boards together.
Hardwood varieties are generally the woods of leafy deciduous trees (oak, hornbeam, beech, ash). They differ from softwoods, which after often the woods of resinous trees. Some exotic woods can be very hard.
A process consisting of heating the wood to high temperatures in a heat-treatment furnace.
The heat resistance of a wood floor depends on the properties of heat conduction of the chosen wood and the thickness of the parquet or, for multilayer models, each layer composing it. For heat to be properly conducted within a home, a floor must have a low heat resistance in order to reduce heat loss.
Herringbone parquet flooring is composed of strips of parquet arranged at a right angle. Direction changes are made around a rosette.
Hygrometry quantifies air humidity. This process calculates the amount of gaseous form water in the air (roughly 50% in our climates).
The interjoist is the gap between two joists.
1) A joist is a structural element that is positioned horizontally on either the walls or on beams to form the floor of a room.
2) Joists are wooden boards onto which the parquet is nailed. Joists are fastened to the concrete slab. When dealing with floating joists, they are not fastened to the ground. In both cases, parquet floorboards are placed perpendicularly on the joists.
Knots are a question of taste in wood flooring. You can choose a model of parquet with or without knots. Knots are formed where branches connect to the trunk of a tree.
Varnish (or sealer) is used instead of wax. This finish protects your parquet with an invisible and waterproof film. Disadvantage: the parquet will be exposed to wear and scratches.
Ladder (or wicket) parquet
Ladder (or wicket) parquet is a style of flooring installation in which short boards are crossed on a right angle by long runs, resembling a ladder.
Laminate is not parquet! It is a laminate floor covering that imitates the look of parquet with a printed pattern. Melamine is then applied, giving the product a plastic appearance.
Lime washed parquet
This technique brings out the contrasts in the wood of your parquet flooring, accentuating its beauty by highlighting the veins. It is an ancient technique which once used a lead-based white pigment (now prohibited), now replaced by dyes.
Marouflage of parquet
Marouflage is a technique in which high pressure is exerted on the entire surface being glued to the ground. This is done after the installation of the parquet. The goal is to obtain perfect adherence of the floorboards when installing glued parquet.
Parquet having received a “nailed installation”. As indicated by its name, this installation method consists of the parquet to being nailed onto sealed or floating joists.
Nosing is a part of a stair. It is the rounded edge of a stair that protrudes slightly over the riser.
Wood flooring having received an “oil finish” in order to render it more resistant (the oil saturates pores and hardens, giving the parquet greater resistance), give it a natural look and provide you with a wide selection of wood tones to choose from.
An abrasive to be used with a single disc machine.
Paneling is composed of an assembly of wooden panels and used to decorate the inside walls of homes.
The label of “Parquet” is regulated! In order to be called Parquet, a wooden floor covering must have a wooden wear layer with a thickness of at least 2.5 mm.
Parquetry expert (“Parqueteur”)
A professional wood flooring installer.
PEFC Certification is a program for the endorsement of forest certification. It is a chain of control that guarantees product traceability and ensures that products are derived from approach for sustainable forestry management. PEFC certification is obtained through a process concentrating all actors of civil society involved in sustainable forestry management: producers, processors and users. Emois & Bois is PEFC certified.
Phaltex is a type of panel made by felting and drying fibers of resinous wood containing 10% dry bitumen. It is used for sound and heat insulation.
The act of removing any remaining disparities from the wood with the help of a planer or scraper. Parquet sanders are now used to renovate wood floors.
Support pads are adjustable pads used to level duckboards. This is the way to go if you are looking for optimized water-tightness.
The act of removing floorboards.
The resilient layer is installed before the flooring is laid. It is used to absorb impact noises on your floor. The resilient layer dissociates your base from your parquet. It improves the movement of your wood floor in regards to its base and increases the overall comfort of your flooring by providing more flexibility all the while muffling footsteps. Under-floor insulators are resilient layers.
Resurfacing is a process used to remove any imperfections from the ground surface.
Sanding eliminates any dirt in order to obtain a flat surface. A parquet sander and an abrasive are used to carry out sanding.
Sawn timber is timber that has been squared with successive longitudinal cuts.
Scrapped parquet / Aged parquet
This aged finish aims to add authenticity to your wood floor for an antique effect.
Cement plaster (or various other materials) or mortar spread over the ground surface to make it flat.
Shade of wood
The color of the wood: light oak, dark oak, mahogany…
Solid wood parquet
Solid parquet is made of a single type of wood.
When installing wood flooring, sound insulation is used to avoid the transmission of impact noises through your parquet (footsteps, sliding furniture…). Emois & Bois recommends cork panel sound insulation for its long-proven efficiency.
The span is the name given to a row of parquet floorboards for herringbone or diagonal installations.
Strip flooring with alternate joints
Boards are parallel, of equal width and identical length, and all rows are parallel. This layout differs from a classic British layout in that the boards finish in the middle of adjacent boards. Joints are parallel on every other row: the first row begins with a full board, the second row begins with a half board, the third row with a full board, etc.
Strip pattern parquet flooring
This is a British style of parquet installation. Boards are installed side by side, parallel to one another. The floorboards in a given row are of different lengths and the seams are offset in an irregular manner (as opposed to stone cutting, see definition).
The substrate is the ground on which the wood floor is to be installed (tiles, flooring, linoleum, carpet…).
Teak is an exotic wood type that is popular for bathroom and exterior use.
Threshold, threshold strip
The threshold strip delimits the area between a parquet and another type of floor covering (tile, carpet) or two different wood floors. Emois & Bois manufactures threshold strips.
The tongue is used to fit two floorboards together (tongue and groove).
In addition to cork, fiberboard is another type of sound and heat insulation.
Unfinished parquet is wood flooring that has not received any finish (oil, varnish, wax…)
Types of floor finishes. “Vitrification” is the commercial name of a varnish for parquet floors.
Volatile Organic Compounds are air pollutants that impact our health (come are toxic or carcinogenic). VOCs can be found in certain products of our daily lives, and in terms of wood floors, glue can be a culprit. Following regulations about VOC emissions is essential.
Wagon flooring refers to boards measuring 2 to 2.70 m in length, 15 to 25 cm in width and 45 mm in thickness. They can be made of larch or raw oak.
Wax is applied to the parquet to add warmth and authenticity.
On a wooden floorboard, the wear layer, or top layer, must be at least 2.5 mm thick of the chosen type of wood. This is the part of the flooring that remains visible once it has been installed.